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Volume by shells is a method of finding the volume of a solid of revolution. This method involves splitting the shape into indefinitely small rectangles folded into a cylinder shape. The formula for the volume of any solid of rotation is V=\int\limits_a^b A(x)dx or V=\int\limits_a^b A(y)dy , depending on which axis the rotation is around. In the case of volume by rings, the formula is

\begin{align}V&=\int\limits_a^b 2\pi x\cdot f(x)dx
\\V&=2\pi\int\limits_a^b x\cdot f(x)dx\end{align}

assuming the rotation is around the y-axis.

Examples

To find the volume of the resulting solid when y=\sqrt x is rotated around the x-axis on the interval 0<x<4 , one must first solve the equation for x . This gives x=y^2 . The interval must then be changed into an interval of y , giving 0<y<2 . Now it can be substituted into the formula.

\begin{align}V&=2\pi\int\limits_a^b y\cdot f(y)dy=2\pi\int\limits_0^2(y^2y)dy
\\V&=2\pi\int\limits_0^2 y^3dy
\\V&=2\pi\left[\frac{y^4}{4}\right]_0^2=2\pi\left(\frac{2^4}{4}-\frac{0^4}{4}\right)=2\pi(4-0)=8\pi\end{align}

See also

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