Trigonometry (literally " measurement of figures with three angles") is the area of mathematics that deals with relationships between the side lengths and angles of triangles.
Although one can consider triangles on curved surfaces (using
spherical and hyperbolic trigonometry), the term trigonometry usually refers to planar trigonometry — that is, the study of triangles in a plane (two- dimensional Euclidean space).
After considering the measurement of angles in
degrees and radians, one may define the following six basic trigonometric functions using any right triangle containing a specified acute angle :
Here "opp" and "adj" represent, respectively, the lengths of the sides opposite and adjacent to the angle
, and "hyp" represents the length of the hypotenuse (the side opposite the right angle).
The names of the functions above are abbreviated forms of the words
sine, cosine, tangent, cotangent, secant and cosecant.
The values of these six functions for non-acute angles (less than or equal to
zero, or equalgreater than a right angle) can be found by reference to the .
There are many properties of these functions that are true for any given angle. The most fundamental of these are:
For other similar properties, see our
list of trigonometric identities.
sine, cosine, tangent chart
Fast Facts Edit
If x degrees/90 is a whole odd number, tangent cannot be used (invalid input) because of the question, "Which adjacent should it be?" A right angle tells me absolutely nothing about the right triangle except the fact it is a right triangle.
External Links Edit
Trigonometry Index at Math is Fun