Hexagon
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Regular hexagon  

A regular hexagon, {6}  
Edges and vertices  6 
Schläfli symbols  {6} t{3} 
Coxeter–Dynkin diagrams  
Symmetry group  Dihedral (D_{6}) 
Area (with t=edge length)  
Internal angle (degrees)  120° 
In geometry, a hexagon is a polygon with six edges and six vertices. A regular hexagon has Schläfli symbol {6}.
Contents
[show]Regular hexagon Edit
The internal angles of a regular hexagon (where all of the sides are the same) are all 120° and the hexagon has 720 degrees T. It has 6 rotational symmetries and 6 reflection symmetries, making up the dihedral group D_{6}. The longest diagonals of a regular hexagon, connecting diametrically opposite vertices, are twice its sides in length. Like squares and equilateral triangles, regular hexagons fit together without any gaps to tile the plane (three hexagons meeting at every vertex), and so are useful for constructing tessellations. The cells of a beehive honeycomb are hexagonal for this reason and because the shape makes efficient use of space and building materials. The Voronoi diagram of a regular triangular lattice is the honeycomb tessellation of hexagons.
The area of a regular hexagon of side length is given by
Also, it can be found by the formula where a is the apothem and p is the perimeter.
The perimeter of a regular hexagon of side length is, of course, , its maximal diameter , and its minimal diameter . There is no platonic solid made of regular hexagons. The archimedean solids with some hexagonal faces are the truncated tetrahedron, truncated octahedron, truncated icosahedron (of soccer ball and fullerene fame), truncated cuboctahedron and the truncated icosidodecahedron.
Related figures Edit
A regular hexagon can also be created as a truncated equilateral triangle, with Schläfli symbol t{3}. This form only has D_{3} symmetry. In this figure, the remaining edges of the original triangle are drawn blue, and new edges from the truncation are red.  The hexagram can be created as a stellation process: extending the 6 edges of a regular hexagon until they meet at 6 new vertices. 
Hexagons: natural and humanmadeEdit
Petrie polygonsEdit
The regular hexagon is the Petrie polygon for these regular and uniform polytopes, shown in these skew orthogonal projections:
(3D)  (5D)  

Cube  Octahedron  5simplex  Rectified 5simplex  Birectified 5simplex 
See also Edit
 Hexagram: 6sided star within a regular hexagon
 Unicursal hexagram: single path, 6sided star, within a hexagon
 Hexagonal tiling: a regular tiling of hexagons in a plane
 Hexagonal number
External links Edit
 Weisstein, Eric W., "Hexagon" from MathWorld.
 Definition and properties of a hexagon With interactive animation
 Cassini Images Bizarre Hexagon on Saturn
 Saturn's Strange Hexagon
 A hexagonal feature around Saturn's North Pole
 "Bizarre Hexagon Spotted on Saturn"  from Space.com (27 March 2007)

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