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Addition is the mathematical process of putting things together, that is to say joining. With the addition of two numbers, the process may be thought of moving a certain distance in the positive direction. If one considers the following equation:

$ a + b = c $

The plus sign or addition symbol ( + ) marks that addition is preformed on its adjacent numerals (a and b). C is called the sum of a and b. This equation may be calculated by moving a, b whole units in the positive direction.

Computation

Taking in account the analogy from the previous section,

$ 3 + 4 = ? $

may be thought of as moving 3 in the positive direction by 4 units:

$ 3 + (1+1+1+1) $

with may be counted to achieve the answer of 7.

Properties

Estimation

Addition sums are possible to be estimated. It is done by rounding off each addend to the nearest n significant figures (where n is a whole number), and adding both of the rounded numbers.

See also